Tuesday, March 21, 2023
HomeFamous PersonalitiesMahatma Gandhi - Bapu of India | Essay on Mahatma Gandhi |...

Mahatma Gandhi – Bapu of India | Essay on Mahatma Gandhi | Mahatma Gandhi Jiwani

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on 2nd October 1869 in the princely state of Porbandar. Gandhi ji was born in the family of Karamchand Gandhi and Putli Bai. Karamchand Gandhi was a Diwan by profession and Putli Bai was a housewife. His early education was done at Rajkot. He was a very shy and introverted kid. At age of 13, he married a girl, Kasturba. In late 1885, Gandhi ji’s father died. In 1887, he graduated from Ahmedabad. In 1888, Gandhi ji decided to study law from England. His decision was opposed by his mother and wife but was supported by his elder brother. He went to University College, London for his studies. There he studied law for the next 3 years. After completing law, Gandhi ji came back to Mumbai(then Bombay). There he started his law practice but failed miserably due to his unable nature to cross examine the witness. After that he went to Rajkot to make drafts. In 1893, he was called by the merchant named Dada Abdullah from South Africa for his cousin. They were searching for a lawyer from Kathiyawad tradition and the one who can truly understand their language. Gandhi ji agreed to go there to see if their fortune worked. He went to South Africa in 1893 for his work for a year but lived for 21 years. He returned to India in 1914.

Gandhi ji’s life at South Africa was very complicated as he went there to help Abdullah’s cousin but when he went there, he saw discrimination with Indians. He understood the pain of local Indians when these things happened to him. Even after having a ticket of first class in train he was forced to travel in a general compartment and when he refused he was thrown away by the whites in Pietermaritzburg. Gandhi ji first tried his protest method “Satyagraha” in Africa. Satyagraha mahatma gsndhiPic credit: Wikipedia

His trial was successful and he returned to India after achieving success in South Africa.

He returned in 1915 and then he joined INC here. Gopal Krishna Gokhale was his political teacher and he was the one who convinced Gandhi ji to join the INC. in his early years Gandhiji travelled the country outskirts and met with the common mass and got to know about the problems. His first protest against Britisher was in 1917 when he fought for peasants and farmers against Indigo plantation known as Champaran Satyagraha followed by Kheda Satyagraha and Ahmedabad mill workers’ revolution. He then became the leader of INC and led a massive pan India Non Cooperation movement in 1920-1922. His most famous campaign was the Dandi March in 1930 and with that he started the Civil Disobedience movement which was also a pan India movement. In this movement he broke the salt law made by Britishers that any Indian can’t make salt and had to give tax on salt. He broke the law and urged the common mass to stand against the Britishers. He led another movement that was like the last nail on the coffin for British rule. That was the Quit India Movement in 1942. When India got freedom in 1947, Gandhi ji was the biggest leader of the nation and so he was called the father of the nation. The role of Gandhi ji in the Indian national movement is unforgettable. Gandhi ji died on 30th January 1948 after Nathuram Godse shot him.




Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

- Advertisment -

Most Popular